Newsletter September 2019
Super Tonic® is a liquid emulsion nutritional supplement that contains all the important amino acids, water- and fat-soluble vitamins and minerals for the correction of any nutritional deficiency that the birds might have. Nutritional deficiencies will typically occur when there is 1) Poor gut health due to necrotic enteritis 2) Gut inflammation and irritation 3) Poor quality raw materials 4) When rations are changed or 5) During stress and harsh (hot and cold) weather conditions.
Super Tonic® contains the complete range of the all-important B-complex vitamins. The B-complex vitamins consists of 8 individual vitamins that play an important role in metabolic functions. Most importantly, is the role B-vitamins play in energy and protein metabolism and synthesis, thus having a direct impact on feeding activity, growth rate, feed conversion, egg production, and embryo quality in breeder eggs. Apart from Vitamin B 12, the B complex vitamins are water- soluble, therefore, they are not stored to any significant extent in the body and are not required in the diet daily.
The following summarises the importance of B-vitamins impacting on growth and energy.
B1 (Thiamine): Necessary to stimulate the appetite and form part of digestion enzymes. They are important in carbohydrate metabolism, and deficiency symptoms include weight loss, ruffled feathers, dropped wings, and muscle paralysis.
B2 (Riboflavin): Allows oxygen to be used by the body and plays a role in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. Birds are very sensitive to riboflavin deficiency and this is the deficiency most seen commercially. Deficiency symptoms include diarrhoea, curled-toe syndrome, paralysis in the first two weeks, and walking on the hocks. Decreased egg production, an increased embryonic mortality, and death in shell chicks are characteristics of a deficiency in adult birds.
B6 (Pyridoxine): Plays an important role in protein, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism; forms a part of several enzyme systems; and is a muscle conditioner. Deficiency symptoms include weakness, poor growth, ruffled feathers and loss of appetite. Jerky movements and spasms are also observed in affected birds
B12 (Cobalamin): Plays a role in protein synthesis within the body. Also important for nucleic acid synthesis, and carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Deficiency symptoms include reduced feed intake, slowed growth and poor feed conversion. Laying flocks show reduced production and egg weight with low hatchability.
At a dosing rate of 2 litres per 1,000 litres, Super Tonic® will supply 60 % – 120 % of the daily requirement of the B-complex vitamins and at a rate of 3 – 4 litres per 1,000 litres water Super Tonic will supply more than 200 % of the daily requirement of the all-important B vitamins.
When to use Super Tonic®?
Super Tonic® can be used to compensate for fluctuating levels of vitamins found naturally in food ensuring adequate levels of all vitamins. Use Super Tonic® for three to five days consecutively when there is poor growth, when low feeding activity is observed, for prevention during periods of vaccination, bird movement, feed ration change, or during disease and general stress periods. Super Tonic® can be used for egg- laying birds to support egg production and improve embryo quality.